By Valerie Ness et al in The Conversation.
In October 2020, the World Health Organisation declared antimicrobial (or antibiotic) resistance (AMR) as one of the greatest threats to global health. While that is unlikely to change in the foreseeable future, the organisation’s latest report reveals significant reductions in the consumption of antibiotics in eight European countries including the UK. Which is good news in the ongoing fight against antibiotic resistance.
There are many contributing factors to this resistance, one being the overuse of antibiotics in humans, which makes them less effective. With an increase in the numbers of nurses who are now able to prescribe medicines, understanding how they work with their patients is essential.
Bacteria are extremely clever and can naturally become resistant to antibiotics over time. Resistance occurs when a bacterium mutates or acquires genetic information from another bacterium, making it resistant to antibiotics. “Superbugs” are strains of bacteria that have developed resistance to many different types of antibiotics.
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