By Dr Tomislav Meštrović, MD, PhD in News Medical Life Sciences.
Although it is quite hard to imagine a direct link between the intestinal microbiota and the central nervous system, a growing body of evidence indicates a bidirectional interaction between these two body systems. This is also known as the gut-brain axis.
For decades the dominant paradigm in the medical literature was that microorganisms present in the gut are commensals that bring us benefits by keeping pathogenic bacteria at bay. More recent research demonstrates that these symbionts also have significant roles in helping us to digest food, produce essential metabolites and also in steering the development of the immune system.
Today we are becoming increasingly aware that gut microbiota plays a pivotal role in the brain development processes and brain functions.
To read the rest of this story, click on the link below: